After a mid-1970s congressional investigation revealed that state agencies and courts were disproportionately removing American Indian and Alaska Native children from their families and placing them in non-Native foster or adoptive homes or residential institutions, Congress passed the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA). The policy has been largely successful, helping to increase tribal participation in children’s cases and protect the rights of Indian children. That success is now being challenged, including through a Supreme Court case, Brakeen v. Haaland. This virtual program will feature Erin Daugherty Lynch and Beth Wright, both of the Native American Rights Fund, to speak on the Brakeen v. Haaland US Supreme Court case, for which oral arguments will be heard on November 9. The speakers will offer historical context for the creation of the Indian Child Welfare Act in 1978 and its impact on Native children and communities, an explanation of the case brought before the Supreme Court, and a reflection on the arguments and justices’ questions and comments.