Norman Bambridge from Canvey Island, England will give this acclaimed presentation.
The service of animals during times of military conflict often goes unmentioned. Whether providing comfort, inspiration, or indispensable service, animals have played a crucial role in militaries and armed conflicts for centuries. This presentation will focus on the over 16 million animals that served in the First World War. They were used for transport, communication and companionship. In 1914, both sides had large cavalry forces. Horses, donkeys, mules and camels carried food, water, ammunition and medical supplies to men at the front, and dogs and pigeons carried messages. Canaries were used to detect poisonous gas, and cats and dogs were trained to hunt rats in the trenches.