Many manufacturing and agricultural practices, especially animal confinement, degrade water quality. Colonialism intensifies disputes over withdrawal of water from the Blue Nile. Hydro-power from dams intensifies climate change, undermines habitat, and poisons animal and human life. Over-fishing by rich nations in waters of poor nations increases impoverishment while stealing food from those most in need. Deep sea mining compromises aquatic ecosystems and risks disturbing the world’s largest carbon sink. Yet, water conflicts can evaporate if humanity reduces extraction and shares resources to ensure all a good quality of life.