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EESCon6 Online Panel: Text, Literature, and Religion (2)
In 2022, the Sixth EES Congress will be hosted by the Egypt Centre and Swansea University. The Congress will be held across a mix of online and hybrid events in September, and will culminate in an in-person / hybrid weekend on Saturday 1st-Sunday 2nd October 2022.

Please see the full schedule and abstracts here: https://www.ees.ac.uk/programme

Tuesday 20th September, 13:00: Text, Literature, and Religion (2)

The Pyramid Texts and other ritual corpora in Temples of Millions of Years
Linda Chapon (Paul Valéry University, Montpellier 3)

What is a demon and what is not: the problem of syncretism in ancient Egyptian demonology
Gabriele Conte (University of Pisa)

In the (solar) eye of the storm: weather and myth in the Shipwrecked Sailor
Caitlin Jensen (University of Oxford)

Rest(rictions) and Relaxation: Selectional Restrictions on Egyptian and Greek Future Constructions
Rachael McLaughlin (University of Liverpool)

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Sep 20, 2022 01:00 PM in London

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Speakers

Linda Chapon (Paul Valéry University, Montpellier 3)
The Pyramid Texts and other ritual corpora in Temples of Millions of Years
From the 5th Dynasty onwards, Pyramid Texts have been used in different kind of contexts, either in their original form, or incorporated into later rituals corpora, such as the Ritual of the Opening of the Mouth. This paper aims to consider the transmission and use of PTs in tombs and different kind of temples, concretely in Temples of Millions of Years, and the reasons behind this choice during the New Kingdom. Temples of Millions of Years were intended for the cult of the king associated with the main deity of Thebes, Amon, and with the eternal regeneration on earth and in the hereafter of royal power. The use of PT and other ritual corpora had to respond, as for the Old and Middle Kingdom complexes, to a specific iconographic and spatial program which reflected the theological needs of the reign and the monument and thus had to be carefully chosen.
Gabriele Conte (University of Pisa)
What is a demon and what is not: the problem of syncretism in ancient Egyptian demonology
Demonology is an aspect of ancient Egyptian religion that still waits for a coherent systematization. One of the main problems in this field is the inclination of most scholars to understand Egyptian demons as an undifferentiated group, with no diachronic evolution. Groups of demons with different characteristics are often identified with each other or other entities based on isolated or late references, taking for granted that they have always been the same thing. My presentation aims at redirecting the issue, focusing on one type of demon as a case study: the ḫꜣ.tyw-demons. Previous studies identified these demons as stars, decans, and the arrow-demons, but as I intend to show, these similarities are not present in all Egyptian history and must not be understood as complete identification. Through the comparison with other cases, the analysis aims at offering a glimpse of the complexity of this aspect of Egyptian religion.
Caitlin Jensen (University of Oxford)
In the (solar) eye of the storm: weather and myth in the Shipwrecked Sailor
Perception of landscape has become crucial to how we recreate ancient experience, linking landscape to concepts of embodiment, identity, and dwelling, but the perception of weather and its impact on cultural experience and expression has been absent from these discussions. This paper considers the ancient Egyptian perception of weather through a literary case study, The Tale of the Shipwrecked Sailor. Despite its fame, serious analysis of the text has been lacking. Focusing on the weather offers different interpretations that demonstrate the text's complexity and depth, as it uses weather imagery to reinforce the plot and themes, instead of simply being a backdrop for the main story. Of interest is a possible link between storm terminology (nšn, qri, and ḏᶜ) and the solar cycle, which underpins the theme of renewal and rebirth throughout the narrative. This example exemplifies the possibilities opened by the study of weather perception in ancient cultures.
Rachael McLaughlin (University of Liverpool)
Rest(rictions) and Relaxation: Selectional Restrictions on Egyptian and Greek Future Constructions
Selectional restrictions are limitations in the way that linguistic units can combine with other units in particular environments, such as required number agreement between certain word classes, or the level of transitivity of verbal lexemes. These often relax over time as a construction develops and is grammaticalized. As the longest attested languages in their respective language families, Greek and Egyptian offer an unparalleled opportunity to compare language developments such as the relaxation of selectional restrictions over extended periods. This presentation will explore the selectional restrictions which affected the subjects taken by future referring constructions in Egyptian and Greek, establishing which constructions were affected by the tightest selectional restrictions, and investigating whether any patterns are evident in the diachronic relaxation of such restrictions. These findings for each construction will subsequently be compared.