Explore the relationship between the World Heritage Convention and the problem of nationality. In 2012, 2014, and 2017 respectively, Palestine received UNESCO World Heritage Area (WHA) designations for the Birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth, the Land of Oil and Vines, and the old Hebron City. In each of those cases, international treaties that involve support for or against Palestine as a state intervened and compelled supporters of UNESCO to either withdraw or limit the funding it contributed to the WHA program. This case raises an interesting problem related to the WHA and the convention itself. Does the convention overly emphasize the role of nationality in the construction of world heritage? Why is this the case and what can be learned should a revision of the convention take place?
This is part of a 4 part series on the 50th anniversary of the World Heritage Convention and developing recommendations to address new challenges of world heritage in the our current reality.