Autonomous driving is seen as one of the pivotal technologies that considerably will shape our society and will influence future transportation modes and quality of life, altering the face of mobility as we experience it by today. Many benefits are expected ranging from reduced accidents, optimized traffic, improved comfort, social inclusion, lower emissions, and better road utilization due to efficient integration of private and public transport. Autonomous driving is a highly complex sensing and control problem. State-of-the-art vehicles include many different compositions of sensors including radar, cameras, and lidar. Each sensor provides specific information about the environment at varying levels and has an inherent uncertainty and accuracy measure. Sensors are the key to the perception of the outside world in an autonomous driving system and whose cooperation performance directly determines the safety of such vehicles. The ability of one isolated sensor to provide accurate reliable data of its environment is extremely limited as the environment is usually not very well defined. Beyond the sensors needed for perception, the control system needs some basic measure of its position in space and its surrounding reality. Real-time capable sensor processing techniques used to integrate this information have to manage the propagation of their inaccuracies, fuse information to reduce the uncertainties and, ultimately, offer levels of confidence in the produced representations that can be then used for safe navigation decisions and actions.
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