The most recent national nutrition survey in 2015 found that > 95% of Canadians do not meet Health Canada recommendations for vitamin D intake. Sufficient intake is needed especially in winter for maintaining bone health as well as other health functions. There are few foods containing vitamin D and most run counter to the 2019 Canada Food Guide recommendations for plant-based and whole food choices. While sun exposure and supplements reduce risk of insufficient vitamin D status, caution is needed for these to be used effectively with minimal risk as a recent Canadian study found intakes over the Upper Level of 4000 IU may be harmful to bone. This talk will explore safe and practical solutions for improving vitamin D, especially in older adults including residents of long-term care.